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Indigenous Voices of the Colorado Plateau

White Mountain Apache Leaders

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White Mountain Apache Chief

Alchesay (1853?-1928) was a prominent and influential Western Apache chief. He was born about 1853 on what is now the White Mountain Apache reservation land. Alchesay served as an Apache Scout with General George Crook during the U.S. military's campaign to quell Apache resistance during 1872-1873, again in 1883, and received a Congressional Medal of Honor for his service. In 1886 General Crook called upon Alchesay again to try to negotiate a surrender by Geronimo, a Chiricacua Apache, and Geronimo's band.

Alchesay was often called on by the Indian agents of the Fort Apache Indian reservation when problems pertaining to the White Mountain Apache tribe occurred, because his opinion and counsel were well respected by both native and non-native peoples. Throughout his life he maintained an active interest in the well-being of his people, often speaking about the living conditions and needs of his people to the United States Government. On August 6, 1928, Alchesay died and was buried on the White Mountain Apache reservation, his homeland.

Taken from Alchesay: Scout with General Crook by H.B. Wharfield.


Tsoe 1860-1933? or alternately, Tzoe, was also known as "Peaches" because of his light-colored skin. A White Mountain Apache, he became a scout for General George Crook. Tsoe and his relatives were involved in the Battle of Cibeque Creek in 1881. The battle involved several Apache groups and the U.S. Army (see "Events" for more information about this battle).

Following the battle, Tsoe reportedly joined the Chiricahua and Geronimo Apache bands but eventually he turned himself in to Lt. Britton Davis, who oversaw the San Carlos Indian Reservation. Previously Tsoe had participated in a raid with the Chiricahua on white settlers that ended in the kidnapping of a six year old boy and the killing of his parents. Davis took Tsoe to speak to General Crook. When the general asked Tsoe why he turned himself in, Tsoe replied that he felt it was wrong to kill innocent people; he was tired of going hungry and fighting. He provided the names of the raid participants to the general, and his frankness and honesty impressed General Crook so much that he made Tsoe a member of the Apache Scouts. He became one of the Army's most trusted and able scouts. In 1916, Tsoe served under General John Pershing as his personal scout in the hunt for Pancho Villa.

Taken from Apache Leaders, Warriors, Renegades and Scouts by Toby Giese.


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